Mini Lava Lamp Shake and Shine Glitter Light introduces the classification of Plasma Lamp?
Plasma Lamp is divided into plasma state, plasma, plasma properties and ionization. Let’s follow the editor of Mini Lava Lamp Shake and Shine Glitter Light to have a simple understanding!
1. Plasma state
Heating the gas, when its atoms reach thousands or even tens of thousands of degrees Celsius, the electrons will be "flung off" by the atoms, and the atoms will become only positively charged ions. At this time, the charges of electrons and ions are opposite, but the amounts are equal. This state is called plasma state. Lightning, meteors, and fluorescent lights that people see all the year round are in a plasma state. Humans can use it to emit a large amount of high temperature generated by energy, cutting metals, manufacturing semiconductor components, carrying out special chemical reactions, etc. In the boundless space of the universe, the plasma state is a ubiquitous state. Most of the luminous planets in the universe have high internal temperatures and pressures, and the substances inside these planets are almost in a plasma state. Only those dim planets and scattered interstellar matter can find solid, liquid and gaseous matter.
Plasma is an ionized gas. Due to the existence of ionized free electrons and charged ions, plasma has a high electrical conductivity and has a strong coupling effect with electromagnetic fields.
3. The properties of plasma
The plasma state is often referred to as the "super gas state". It has many similarities with gas. For example, there is no certain shape and volume, and it has fluidity, but plasma also has many unique properties.
The big difference between plasma and ordinary gas is that it is an ionized gas. Due to the existence of negatively charged free electrons and positively charged ions, they have high conductivity and strong coupling with electromagnetic fields: charged particles can be coupled with electric fields, and charged particle streams can be coupled with magnetic fields. Electrodynamics is used to describe plasma, and a theory called magnetohydrodynamics has been developed for this reason. The difference between constituent particles and general gases is that plasma contains two to three different constituent particles: free electrons, positively charged ions and unionized atoms. This allows us to define different temperatures for different components: electron temperature and ion temperature. In lightly ionized plasma, the ion temperature is generally much lower than the electron temperature, which is called "low temperature plasma". Highly ionized plasma has high ion temperature and electron temperature, which is called "high temperature plasma".
The above is the Mini Lava Lamp Shake and Shine Glitter Light editor introducing Plasma Lamp classification knowledge, I hope you can learn more.